Diabetes is one of the most common diseases today. There are around 200 million people that have diabetes and the number is rapidly increasing.
WHAT IS DIABETES
Diabetes is chronic disease that is characteristic by increased amounts of glucose in the blood. The amount of glucose in the blood is controlled by insulin, which is a hormone that is pancreas produces. Insulin has the role of transferring the glucose into the cells where it is later dissolved into energy. If your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, then the amount of glucose in the blood increases since it can’t be transferred in to the cells and it remains circling in the bloodstream. Another reason the glucose will remain in the bloodstream is cells reaction to insulin as well as both reasons at the same time.
TYPES OF DIABETES
Even though science is constantly researching this disease and there are some new findings that describe more than the main kinds of diabetes we are familiar with we will stick to here.
Diabetes type 1 is autoimmune disease with genetic predisposition. It is very common in children and teenagers but it can affect you in any age. It is basically a disease when your pancreas produces amounts of insulin that are to small or can’t produce any.
Diabetes type 2 is the most common type of this disease. It is usually affecting older people but it can also develop in teenagers and children that are obese. Diabetes type 2 develops as a result of insufficient amounts of insulin that the organism produces or because your body cells are resistant to this hormone.
Gestation diabetes is a type of diabetes characterized by increased level of blood sugar in pregnant women that didn’t have diabetes before. It is a condition that will affect up to 4 percent of pregnant women and it requires constant check ups because the high level of blood glucose can harm the fetus.
EARLY SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
Firs symptoms of diabetes are usually subtle and can be misleading so most of people usually ignore them. It is very important to know that early diagnose and treatment will help you control this disease that can significantly lower the quality of your life and also cause dangerous complications.
We listed some of the most common early symptoms of diabetes that will help early discovery of this disease.
When the amount of sugar in the blood is increased your kidneys have problem with it. Because the kidneys can’t absorb all that sugar it goes into the urine drawing out the fluids of the tissues along with it. This makes you go to the toilet too often and can even cause serious dehydration. This condition will also cause increased thirst and drinking more water will also increase the need for urination instead of solving the problem with dehydration.
If you start experiencing constant hunger along with thirst and frequent need to go to the bathroom then you are probably affected with diabetes. When the amount of insulin in your organism is low the body is not able to produce energy from the food you eat and you are hungry all the time. From the other side when you eat all the time the level of glucose in the blood will just keep increasing. So if you eat all the time and you are still hungry it is the time to go see your doctor.
Since the level of insulin is low you will deal with constant tiredness along with the abnormal feeling of hunger. This is because your body can’t get the glucose to the parts it is transformed to energy and you feel tired and exhausted even though you eat all the time. Tiredness can also be linked to the possibility of dehydration of the organism that is resulted with frequent urination people that are dealing with diabetes experience.
If you usually don’t have any kind of eye problem and your vision is blurred it may be an early sign of diabetes. due to changes of amount of fluids in the tissues lences of your eyes change the shape which affects the ability to focus your vision and things look blurred. Even though your vision will return to normal as soon as the amount of glucose in the blood normalizes, if you are not treating the disease it can cause permanent damage on your eyes even cause blindness.
You are not on a diet and you don’t exercise but still you are losing a lot of weight. this is happening because your body is unable to use the glucose and it starts to burn the stored fats and muscles. One part of your weight is because of dehydration that we explained before. Sudden weight loss is usually early sign of diabetes type 1 it can also be warning sign in people with diabetes type 2.
Itchiness and skin irritation
When the amount of sugar in the blood is high and our body can’t use it, it needs to be thrown out. Along with the sugar out go the fluids that are drawn out of our organism. This may cause dry and irritated skin as well as further complications as scratch wounds and infections. People with diabetes are also prone to yeast infections on the skin.
Wounds that are slowly healing might be another early sign of diabetes. If the amount of blood glucose is to high you may face increased inflammation around the wounds and since the blood flow is slower than usual the blood is unable to repair the damages. This is usually most present around the feet and it is a sign you need to see a doctor.
Tingling and pain in palms and feet
This is another early sign of diabetes which occurs due to nerve damages caused by slow blood flow. The pain and the tingling sensation is present in the palms and feet because they are most distant from the heart.
Skin can become darker especially around the areas like neck, armpits, elbows, knees, joints, and even though this can happen to perfectly healthy people it is also very common symptom of diabetes.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES
Even though diabetes can develop as a silent disease without any clear symptoms, it is a disease that must be treated in order to avoid serious complications. even though some complications develop slowly and are directly affected of the way you are treating the disease they can become serious and even fatal. Some of the most dangerous things diabetes can do are serious vision damaging, skin infections, stroke, heart attack and low blood circulation in the legs. Nerve damages, loss of sense of pain and increased risk of cancer. To avoid these complications you need to control the amounts of glucose in the blood and treat the disease properly.
FOODS TO LOWER BLOOD SUGAR NATURALLY
Healthy and balanced nutrition is the key to healthy organism. Nature usually has all the best remedies and the solutions for every problem and there are also various natural foods that can help you control the level of blood glucose. We have a list of some of the best foods you can use if you have diabetes.
Blueberry is a fruit that is packed in antioxidants as well as beneficial nutrients and is probably one of the best choices for people with diabetes. Blueberry is rich in bioactive ingredients that can improve cell sensibility to insulin and protect you from diabetes at the same time.
Chia seeds are rich source of protein and they also contain good dose of natural gluten that stabilizes the amount of glucose in the blood and it is one of the best natural remedies for type 2 diabetes.
There are various scientific researches that show that this fragrant spice can help you deal with diabetes since it has the property of increasing production of insulin and it activity as well as lower the amount of sugar in the blood.
There are various spices that you use every day that can improve the activity of insulin and that way lower the amount of glucose in the blood. For this purpose you can use turmeric, ginger, cumin, coriander, curry.
Olive oil is rich in mono saturated fats, omega 3 fatty acids that can help insulin to properly do its work.
Eggs are food that is recommended to people with diabetes. It is not recommended to eat more than 2 yolks and 6 whites a week, eggs are rich in protein which is good for controlling hunger and also help the insulin to work properly.
Apple cider vinegar
Organic natural apple cider vinegar can help you lower the level of glucose in the blood and it can also help you lose weight and control obesity which is linked directly to diabetes.